Document Detail


Lysophosphatidic acids are new substrates for the phosphatase domain of soluble epoxide hydrolase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22217705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a bifunctional enzyme that has a C-terminus epoxide hydrolase domain and an N-terminus phosphatase domain. The endogenous substrates of epoxide hydrolase are known to be epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, but the endogenous substrates of the phosphatase activity are not well understood. In this study, to explore the substrates of sEH, we investigated the inhibition of the phosphatase activity of sEH toward 4-methylumbelliferyl phosphate by using lecithin and its hydrolyzed products. Although lecithin itself did not inhibit the phosphatase activity, the hydrolyzed lecithin significantly inhibited it, suggesting that lysophospholipid or fatty acid can inhibit it. Next, we investigated the inhibition of phosphatase activity by lysophosphatidyl choline, palmitoyl lysophosphatidic acid, monopalmitoyl glycerol, and palmitic acid. Palmitoyl lysophosphatidic acid and fatty acid efficiently inhibited phosphatase activity, suggesting that lysophosphatidic acids (LPAs) are substrates for the phosphatase activity of sEH. As expected, palmitoyl, stearoyl, oleoyl, and arachidonoyl LPAs were efficiently dephosphorylated by sEH (Km, 3-7 μM; Vmax, 150-193 nmol/min/mg). These results suggest that LPAs are substrates of sEH, which may regulate physiological functions of cells via their metabolism.
Authors:
Ami Oguro; Susumu Imaoka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-01-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of lipid research     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0022-2275     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Lipid Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-29     Completed Date:  2012-06-28     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376606     Medline TA:  J Lipid Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  505-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Center for Environmental Bioscience and Department of Bioscience, School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, Sanda, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chromatography, Liquid
Epoxide Hydrolases / metabolism*
Humans
Lysophospholipids / chemistry,  metabolism*
Mass Spectrometry
Substrate Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lysophospholipids; EC 3.3.2.-/Epoxide Hydrolases
Comments/Corrections

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