Document Detail

Lysine deficiency in postweaned calves fed corn and corn gluten meal diets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9222857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Holstein bull calves (n = 36) weaned at 6 wk of age were used in six trials to examine the response of N balance to postruminal administration of lysine with or without methionine in postweaned calves receiving diets based on corn and corn gluten meal. Calves were younger than 3 mo of age in Trials 1 and 2 but older than 3 mo in Trials 4 to 6. L-Lysine monohydrochloride was supplemented with or without DL-methionine twice daily through the reticular groove, except in Trial 4, in which N supplements were infused through duodenal cannulas. L-Glutamine was used as a nonspecific N source in every trial, and casein was a positive control in Trials 4 and 5. When daily CP intake from the diet was 3.9 g/kg BW, lysine was limiting for calves less than 11 wk of age (Trials 1 and 2) but not limiting for calves greater than 12 wk of age (Trial 3). No amino acid seemed to be limiting for calves greater than 20 wk of age (Trial 4) when daily CP intake was 4.1 g/kg BW, but lysine was limiting when CP intake was restricted to 3.0 g/kg BW when calves were more than 17 wk of age (Trial 5). However, lysine was not limiting above 18 wk of age (Trial 6) when CP intake was increased to 3.8 g/kg BW by adding urea to the diet. Results suggest that lysine may be limiting for corn and corn gluten meal diets only when ruminal microbial protein synthesis is restricted.
M Abe; T Iriki; M Funaba
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-24     Completed Date:  1997-09-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1974-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, Sagamihara, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / metabolism
Analysis of Variance
Arginine / blood
Caseins / analysis,  metabolism,  pharmacology
Cattle Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology*
Cysteine / blood
Deficiency Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary*
Diet / veterinary*
Glutamine / analysis,  metabolism,  pharmacology
Glutens / chemistry,  metabolism*
Glycine / blood
Lysine / analysis,  deficiency*,  metabolism
Methionine / analysis,  metabolism,  pharmacology
Nitrogen / metabolism
Rumen / microbiology
Serine / blood
Threonine / blood
Zea mays / chemistry,  metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Caseins; 52-90-4/Cysteine; 56-40-6/Glycine; 56-45-1/Serine; 56-85-9/Glutamine; 56-87-1/Lysine; 63-68-3/Methionine; 72-19-5/Threonine; 74-79-3/Arginine; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen; 8002-80-0/Glutens

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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