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Lutein and Zeaxanthin Supplementation in Preterm Very Low-Birth-Weight Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22773282     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background Human milk feeding protects against oxidative stress-induced damage in preterm neonates, including severe multifactorial diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The carotenoids, which are not found in formula milk, might play a key role in these actions.Methods A multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted in three tertiary Italian neonatal intensive care units. All preterm infants <32+6 weeks' gestational age were eligible and were randomized to a single, oral, daily 0.5-mL dose of carotenoid supplementation (0.14 mg lutein + 0.0006 mg zeaxanthin) or placebo (5% glucose solution) from birth till 36 weeks' corrected gestational age. Primary outcomes were threshold ROP, NEC > second stage, and BPD. Surveillance for detection of these diseases and for intolerance/adverse effects was performed.Results No treatment-related adverse effect was documented in the 229 analyzed infants, whose clinical/demographical characteristics were similar in the two groups. Threshold ROP incidence did not significantly differ in treated (6.2%) versus not treated infants (10.3%; p = 0.18). The same occurred for NEC (1.7% versus 5.1%; p = 0.15) and BPD (4.5% versus 10.3%; p = 0.07). Noteworthy, the progression rate from early ROP stages to threshold ROP was decreased by 50% (0.30 versus 0.44; p = 0.23).Conclusion Lutein/zeaxanthin supplementation in preterm infants is well tolerated. No significant effect was seen on threshold ROP, NEC, or BPD. The decreasing trends of these outcomes in the treatment group need to be assessed and confirmed on larger sample-sizes.
Paolo Manzoni; Roberta Guardione; Paolo Bonetti; Claudio Priolo; Andrea Maestri; Caterina Mansoldo; Michael Mostert; Giovanni Anselmetti; Daniela Sardei; Massimo Bellettato; Paolo Biban; Daniele Farina
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of perinatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-8785     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405212     Medline TA:  Am J Perinatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Neonatology and NICU, S. Anna Hospital, Torino, Italy.
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