Document Detail


Luteal blood flow increases during the first three weeks of pregnancy in lactating dairy cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20965557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objectives of this experiment were to characterize luteal blood flow in pregnant and non-pregnant cows and to determine its value for early pregnancy diagnosis. Lactating dairy cows (n = 54), 5.2 ± 0.2 y old (mean ± SEM), average parity 2.4 ± 0.2, and ≥ 6 wk postpartum at the start of the study, were used. The corpus luteum (CL) was examined with transrectal color Doppler ultrasonography (10.0-MHz linear-array transducer) on Days 3, 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 18, and 21 of the estrus cycle (estrus = Day 0). Artificially inseminated cows (n = 40) were retrospectively classified as pregnant (embryonic heartbeat on Day 25; n = 18), nonpregnant (interestrus interval 15 to 21 d, n = 18), or having an apparent early embryonic loss (interestrus interval >25 d, n = 4). There was a group by time interaction (P < 0.001) for luteal blood flow from Days 3 to 18; it was approximately 1.10 ± 0.08 cm(2) (mean ± SEM) on Day 3, and increased to approximately 2.00 ± 0.08 cm(2) on Day 13 (similar among groups). Thereafter, luteal blood flow was numerically (albeit not significantly) greater in pregnant cows, remained constant in those with apparent embryonic loss, and declined (not significantly) between Days 15 and 18 in nonpregnant cows. Luteal blood flow was greater in pregnant than in nonpregnant (P < 0.05) and nonbred cows (P < 0.05, n = 14) on Day 15 (2.50 ± 0.16, 2.01 ± 0.16, and 2.00 ± 0.18 cm(2), respectively) and on Day 18 (2.40 ± 0.19, 1.45 ± 0.19, and 0.95 ± 0.21 cm(2)). In cows with apparent early embryonic loss, luteal blood flow was 2.00 ± 0.34 and 2.05 ± 0.39 cm(2) on Days 15 and 18, which was less (not significantly) than in pregnant cows, but greater (P < 0.05) than in nonbred cows on Day 18. Although mean luteal blood flow was significantly greater in pregnant than nonpregnant (and nonbred) cows on Days 15 and 18, due to substantial variation among cows, it was not an appropriate diagnostic tool for pregnancy status.
Authors:
K Herzog; C Voss; J P Kastelic; N Beindorff; V Paul; H Niemann; H Bollwein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1879-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  549-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Clinic for Cattle, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D30173 Hannover, Germany. kathrin.herzog@tiho-hannover.de
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