Document Detail


Lung transplantation in the fischer 344-wistar kyoto strain combination is a relevant experimental model to study the development of bronchiolitis obliterans in the rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22394285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT Chronic allograft rejection and bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) limited successful long-term outcome after lung transplantation (LTX). Reliable animal models are needed to study the pathogenesis of BO and to develop effective therapeutic strategies. The relevance of an available experimental LTX model without immunosuppression-the Fischer (F344)-Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat strain combination-was analyzed. The kinetics of acute and chronic rejection and respective graft histopathology were described in the F344-to-WKY rat strain combination after allogeneic LTX. A modified classification of chronic lung allograft rejection was introduced to describe obliterative changes in the airways after rat LTX. Animals from Harlan Winkelmann (HW) and Charles River (CR) were examined. Within 14 days after LTX, allografts showed moderate to severe acute vascular and bronchiolar inflammation. In contrast to rats from CR, animals from HW showed a delayed acute rejection process. Mid-term phase after LTX (days 20-40) presented a "borderline form" consisting of both acute and first signs of chronic airway rejection. On postoperative day (POD) 60, first signs of airway remodelling and distinct BO were diagnosed in 80% of animals from HW. At the same time, the allografts with BO-like lesions increased up to 100% in rats from CR. The F344-to-WKY rat LTX model allows detailed assessment of all features of acute and chronic pulmonary rejection representing a clinically relevant model. However, due to breeding differences resulting in various sublines of the same rat strain, the source and husbandary history of the animals is important for analysis of immuno-mediated processes.
Authors:
M von Süßkind-Schwendi; P Ruemmele; C Schmid; S W Hirt; K Lehle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental lung research     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1521-0499     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004944     Medline TA:  Exp Lung Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  111-123     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Medical Center , Regensburg , Germany.
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