Document Detail


Lung sound spectra at standardized air flow in normal infants, children, and adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8756817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate the effect of age and body size on normal lung sounds, we studied 10 newborn infants within 3 d after birth, nine children between 6 to 8 yr, and 10 adults between 25 and 37 yr of age. Lung sounds were recorded with a contact transducer over the posterior right lower lobe, and air flow was measured at the mouth. Computer analysis provided average power spectra of lung sounds at flows of 15 ml/s/kg. In children and adults measurements were also made at flows of 30 ml/s/kg. Lung sounds were referenced to background noise, measured at zero air flow. The spectra in infants contained less power below 300 Hz compared with children and adults, resulting in significantly higher quartile and spectral edge frequencies. Resonances of the thoracic cavity may explain some of the differences among the study groups. Sound attenuation above 300 Hz was similar at all ages. At increased air flows, lung sounds in children and adults were above background noise at frequencies as high as 2,000 Hz. High-frequency expiratory lung sounds of low intensity were present in all children and in eight of 10 adults at increased flows. Normal lung sounds of low intensity are present above traditionally accepted frequency limits and warrant further investigation.
Authors:
H Pasterkamp; R E Powell; I Sanchez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  154     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1996 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-24     Completed Date:  1996-10-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  424-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aging / physiology
Body Constitution / physiology
Child
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology
Reference Values
Respiratory Sounds / physiology*
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Sound Spectrography

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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