Document Detail


Lung function among asbestos cement factory workers: cross-sectional and longitudinal study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6609638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ventilatory capacity tests and standardized respiratory questionnaires were used in 1973 and in 1980 to measure the effect of mixed dust exposure in the asbestos cement industry on respiratory symptoms and lung function in 65 exposed workers and 30 controls (exposed to polyvinyl chloride but not to asbestos). Workers exposed to asbestos had 1) a higher prevalence of breathlessness and chest pain, and a higher incidence of breathlessness; 2) lower 1980 values of forced vital capacity (FVC) (0.27-0.83 liters) and forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) (0.23-0.62 liters); and 3) a faster decline (nearly 40 ml/year) in FVC and FEV1 between 1973 and 1980. The FVC annual decrease was 52.5 ml in the subjects with more than 15 years since first asbestos exposure, whereas it was 24.3 ml in those with less than 15 years, suggesting a faster decline after 15 years of exposure. The effect of asbestos exposure and smoking habits was less than additive as regards pulmonary function.
Authors:
A Siracusa; C Cicioni; R Volpi; P Canalicchi; G Brugnami; A R Comodi; G Abbritti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0271-3586     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-05-30     Completed Date:  1984-05-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Asbestos / poisoning*
Calcium Hydroxide / poisoning*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Lung / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / etiology,  physiopathology*
Polyvinyl Chloride / adverse effects
Respiration Disorders / physiopathology
Respiratory Function Tests
Smoking
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
1305-62-0/Calcium Hydroxide; 1332-21-4/Asbestos; 9002-86-2/Polyvinyl Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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