Document Detail


Lung MRI of invasive fungal infection at 3 Tesla: evaluation of five different pulse sequences and comparison with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25231132     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of five MR sequences to detect pulmonary infectious lesions in patients with invasive fungal infection (IFI), using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) as the reference standard.
METHODS: Thirty-four immunocompromised patients with suspected IFI underwent MDCT and MRI. The MR studies were performed using five pulse sequences at 3.0 T: T2-weighted turbo spin echo (TSE), short-tau inversion recovery (STIR), spectrally selective attenuated inversion recovery (SPAIR), T1-weighted high resolution isotropic volume excitation (e-THRIVE) and T1-weighted fast field echo (T1-FFE). The size, lesion-to-lung contrast ratio and the detectability of pulmonary lesions on MR images were assessed. Image quality and artefacts on different sequences were also rated.
RESULTS: A total of 84 lesions including nodules (n = 44) and consolidation (n = 40) were present in 75 lobes. SPAIR and e-THRIVE images achieved high overall lesion-related sensitivities for the detection of pulmonary abnormalities (90.5 % and 86.9 %, respectively). STIR showed the highest lesion-to-lung contrast ratio for nodules (21.8) and consolidation (17.0), whereas TSE had the fewest physiological artefacts.
CONCLUSIONS: MRI at 3.0 T can depict clinically significant pulmonary IFI abnormalities with high accuracy compared to MDCT. SPAIR and e-THRIVE are preferred sequences for the detection of infectious lesions of 5 mm and larger.
KEY POINTS: • A radiation-free radiological method is desirable for assessing pulmonary infectious lesions • MRI at 3 T can depict lung infiltrates with good concordance to MDCT • SPAIR and e-THRIVE are favourable sequences for the detection of pulmonary lesions • The greatest benefit is for the diagnosis of lesions larger than 5 mm.
Authors:
Chenggong Yan; Xiangliang Tan; Qi Wei; Ru Feng; Caixia Li; Yuankui Wu; Peng Hao; Queenie Chan; Wei Xiong; Jun Xu; Yikai Xu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  European radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1084     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Radiol     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114774     Medline TA:  Eur Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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