Document Detail


Lunar phases are not related to the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12589993     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Mass media deliver pertinacious rumours that lunar phases influence the progress and long-term results in several medical procedures. Peer reviewed studies support this, e.g. in myocardial infarction, others do not. METHODS: We looked retrospectively at the dates of cardiac arrests (CA; n=368) of cardiac origin and of acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) with consecutive thrombolytic therapy or acute PTCA (n=872) and at the lunar phases at the corresponding dates. Medical data had been collected prospectively on the patient's admission. The lunar phases were defined as full moon+/-1 day, new moon+/-1 day and the days in between as waning and waxing moon. The incidence of these cardiac events at each phase was calculated as days with a case divided by the total number of days of the specific moon phase in the observation period (1992-1998). Wilcoxon Rank Test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: AMI and CA occurred on equal percentages of days within each lunar phase: AMI on 35% of all days with new moon, on 38% of full moon days, on 39% waning, and on 41% of the waxing moon days; CA on 19, 17, 16 and 16% of all days of the respective lunar phase. This difference was not significant. CONCLUSION: Lunar phases do not appear to correlate with acute coronary events leading to myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac death.
Authors:
Philip Eisenburger; Wolfgang Schreiber; Gernot Vergeiner; Fritz Sterz; Michael Holzer; Harald Herkner; Christof Havel; Anton N Laggner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0300-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-18     Completed Date:  2003-06-13     Revised Date:  2009-08-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Emergency Medicine, University Clinics, General Hospital Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20/6/D, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary / adverse effects*,  methods
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Moon*
Myocardial Infarction / mortality*,  therapy*
Probability
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Sensitivity and Specificity
Statistics, Nonparametric
Survival Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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