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Luminescent Rhenium and Ruthenium Complexes of an Amphoteric Poly(amidoamine) Functionalized with 1,10-Phenanthroline.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A new amphoteric copolymer, PhenISA, has been obtained by copolymerization of 4-(4'-aminobutyl)-1,10-phenanthroline (BAP) with 2-methylpiperazine and bis(acrylamido)acetic acid (BAC) (6% of phenanthroline-containing repeating units). The copolymer showed excellent solubility in water, where it self-aggregated to give clear nanoparticle suspensions (hydrodynamic diameter = 21 ± 2 nm, by dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis). The phenanthroline pendants of the polymer stably coordinated either Re(CO)(3)(+) or Ru(phen)(2)(2+) fragments, affording luminescent Re-PhenISA, Re-Py-PhenISA, and Ru-PhenISA polymer complexes, emitting from triplet metal-to-ligand charge transfer ((3)MLCT) excited states (with λ(em) = 608, 571, and 614 nm, respectively, and photoluminescence quantum yields Φ(em) = 0.7%, 4.8%, and 4.1%, in aerated water solution, respectively). DLS analyses indicated that the polymer complexes maintained the nanosize of PhenISA. All the complexes were stable under physiological conditions (pH 7.4, 0.15 M NaCl) in the presence of an excess of the ubiquitous competitor cysteine. In vitro viability assays showed no toxicity of Re-Py-PhenISA and Ru-PhenISA complexes, at concentrations in the range of 0.5-50 μM (calculated on the metal-containing unit), toward HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney) cells. A preliminary investigation of internalization in HEK-293 cells, by means of fluorescence confocal microscopy, showed that Ru-PhenISA enters cells via an endocytic pathway and, subsequently, homogeneously diffuse within the cytoplasm across the vesicle membranes.
Authors:
Daniela Maggioni; Fabio Fenili; Laura D'Alfonso; Daniela Donghi; Monica Panigati; Ivan Zanoni; Roberta Marzi; Amedea Manfredi; Paolo Ferruti; Giuseppe D'Alfonso; Elisabetta Ranucci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inorganic chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Inorg Chem     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366543     Medline TA:  Inorg Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano , Via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy.
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