Document Detail

Lumbar sympathectomy as isolated technique for the treatment of lower limbs chronic ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10221378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Lumbar sympathectomy (LS) is often the only alternative treatment that can be considered as a means of improving the distal circulation to such extent that major amputation is prevented. To make a retrospective study in order to know the current value of LS as isolated technique for the treatment of severe ischemia of lower limbs in the absence of the possibility for vascular reconstruction. METHODS: Between 1987 and 1992, 100 LS were performed in 93 patients (82 males and 11 females) aged 64.5+/-11.1 yrs. 63% were older than 70 years. Indication was invalidant claudication/rest pain (grade II, 57%) or trophic lesion (grade III, 43%) in patients where previous reconstructive surgery failed (18%), was not possible to do (23%) or refused revascularization (20%), or with poor surgical risk (39%). Preoperative evaluation included Doppler measures, ankle/brachial index (ABI) and arteriography in every case. Surgical sympathectomy was performed in all patients. Success was considered if rest pain was absent or trophic lesions have healed at six months, comparing results in patients diabetics and non-diabetics with ABI higher or lower 0.3. RESULTS: Postoperative stage was 6.4+/-2.3 days. Morbidity was 4% and mortality was 7% in the 30-day postoperative period, related with patients older than 70 years. Long-term mortality was 9%, for a global nortality of 16%. 12 patients needed inflow surgery after LS. There was success in 58.5% of grade II and 61.7% of grade III patients at six months, with significative difference (p=0.049) if ABI was >0.3. In diabetics with ABI >0.3, trophic lesions have worse prognostic than ABI <0.3. Pre- and postoperative ABI were correlated (R2=0.65), and the increasing of 0.1 in preoperative ABI had a positive prognostic value over lesion healing. Patency of superficial femoral artery (SFA) has correlated significantly (p=0.000021) with successful outcome after LS. CONCLUSIONS: LS could be a technique that moderately improves the ischemic limb in patients who refuse major surgery or where arterial reconstruction is not indicated. Preoperative ABI has prognostic value in postoperative outcome, with clinical improvement if it is >0.3. Diabetes has not been a negative predictive factor in our series. Patency of superficial femoral artery is related to successful outcome of the patients.
J L Perez-Burkhardt; J A Gonzalez-Fajardo; J F Martin; L A Carpintero Mediavilla; A M Mateo Gutierrez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0021-9509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-13     Completed Date:  1999-05-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066127     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Section of Vascular Surgery, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, S/C Tenerife, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Chronic Disease
Femoral Artery / surgery
Ischemia / physiopathology,  surgery*
Leg / blood supply*
Lumbosacral Plexus / surgery*
Middle Aged
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Vascular Patency

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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