Document Detail


Low-volume resistance exercise attenuates the decline in strength and muscle mass associated with immobilization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20658567     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We determined the effectiveness of low-volume resistance exercise (EX) for the attenuation of loss of muscle mass and strength during leg immobilization. Men (N = 5) and women (N = 12, age 24 ± 5 years, body mass index 25.4 ± 3.6 kg/m(2)) were divided into two groups: exercise (EX; n = 12) and control (CON; n = 5). Subjects wore a knee brace on one leg that prevented weight bearing for 14 days. Resistance exercise (EX; 80% of maximal) was performed by the immobilized limb every other day. Immobilization induced a significant reduction (P < 0.05) in muscle fiber and thigh cross-sectional area (CSA), isometric knee extensor, and plantarflexor strength in the CON (P < 0.01) but not in the EX group. There were significant losses in triceps surae CSA in the CON and EX groups (P < 0.05), but the losses were greater in CON subjects (P < 0.01). A minimal volume (140 contractions in 14 days) of resistive exercise is an effective countermeasure against immobilization-induced atrophy of the quadriceps femoris but is only partially effective for the triceps surae.
Authors:
Bryan R Oates; Elisa I Glover; Daniel W West; Jessica L Fry; Mark A Tarnopolsky; Stuart M Phillips
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Muscle & nerve     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1097-4598     ISO Abbreviation:  Muscle Nerve     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-29     Completed Date:  2010-10-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803146     Medline TA:  Muscle Nerve     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  539-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anatomy, Cross-Sectional
Atrophy
Diet
Electromyography
Female
Humans
Immobilization / adverse effects*
Leg
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Motor Neurons
Muscle Strength*
Muscle, Skeletal / pathology*,  physiopathology*
Thigh
Time Factors
Torque
Weight Lifting*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Canadian Institutes of Health Research

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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