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Low structural diversity of the O-polysaccharides of Photorhabdus asymbiotica subspp. asymbiotica and australis and their similarity to the O-polysaccharides of taxonomically remote bacteria including Francisella tularensis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21816392     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The O-polysaccharides were isolated from the lipopolysaccharides of emerging human pathogens Photorhabdus asymbiotica subsp. asymbiotica US-86 and US-87 and subsp. australis AU36, AU46, and AU92. Studies by sugar analysis and (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy before and after O-deacetylation showed that the O-polysaccharide structures are essentially identical within, and only slightly different between, the subspecies. The following structures of the repeating units of the O-polysaccharides were established: →3)-β-d-Quip4NGlyFo-(1→4)-α-d-GalpNAcAN3Ac-(1→4)-α-d-GalpNAcA3R-(1→3)-α-d-QuipNAc-(1→ where GalNAcA stands for 2-acetamido-2-deoxygalacturonic acid, GalNAcAN for amide of GalNAcA, QuiNAc for 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxyglucose, and Qui4NGlyFo for 4,6-dideoxy-4-(N-formylglycyl)aminoglucose; R=Ac in subsp. asymbiotica or H in subsp. australis. The structures established resemble those of a number of taxonomically remote bacteria including Francisella tularensis (Vinogradov, E. V.; Shashkov, A. S.; Knirel, Y. A.; Kochetkov, N. K.; Tochtamysheva, N. V.; Averin, S. P.; Goncharova, O. V.; Khlebnikov, V. S. Carbohydr. Res.1991, 214, 289-297), which differs in (i) the presence of a formyl group on Qui4N rather than the N-formylglycyl group, (ii) the mode of the linkage between the repeating units (β1→2 vs α1→3), (iii) amidation of both GalNAcA residues rather than one residue, and iv) the lack of O-acetylation.
Authors:
Anna N Kondakova; Nadezhda A Kirsheva; Alexander S Shashkov; Rima Z Shaikhutdinova; Nikolay P Arabtsky; Sergey A Ivanov; Andrey P Anisimov; Yuriy A Knirel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Carbohydrate research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-426X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043535     Medline TA:  Carbohydr Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
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