Document Detail

Low risk of irritable bowel syndrome after Clostridium difficile infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18026576     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) ranges between 4% and 32% of individuals after bacterial or parasitic infection. This study analyzed IBS symptoms in hospitalized patients three months after a symptomatic Clostridium difficile infection.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with a proven, symptomatic C difficile infection identified in the department of bacteriology over a four-month period were considered for enrolment. Patients were excluded in cases of pre-existing IBS or other organic gastrointestinal diseases. Patients completed both modified Talley and Rome II questionnaires within five days of clinical improvement with metronidazole and at three months postinfection, when stools were cultured and C difficile toxins were examined to exclude ongoing infection.
RESULTS: Twenty-three patients were evaluated three months after infection with C difficile. Just after infection, 15 patients were symptom free, whereas eight patients exhibited symptoms suggestive of IBS. Three months after infection, 22 patients remained symptom free, whereas one patient presented with symptoms indicative of IBS. That female patient had a prolonged infection without vomiting.
CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that while transient functional bowel disorder occurred in 34.7% of patients (eight of 23 patients) recently infected with C difficile, only 4.3% of patients (one of 23 patients) had symptoms indicative of IBS after three months (ie, postinfectious IBS). Because an age-related reduction in immune responsiveness has been documented, it can be speculated that the low incidence of postinfectious IBS may be explained by the older age of the study population. Therefore, it cannot be excluded that the findings may be different in younger patients.
T Piche; G Vanbiervliet; F Girard Pipau; R Dainese; X Hébuterne; P Rampal; S M Collins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0835-7900     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-20     Completed Date:  2008-03-10     Revised Date:  2014-01-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807867     Medline TA:  Can J Gastroenterol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  727-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Clostridium Infections / complications*,  epidemiology
Clostridium difficile*
Feces / microbiology
Irritable Bowel Syndrome / etiology*
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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