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Low molecular weight heparin therapy in pediatric otogenic sigmoid sinus thrombosis: A safe treatment option?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22521337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Septic thrombosis of the sigmoid and lateral sinus is a rare complication of acute otitis media, mastoiditis and cholesteatoma. Hence, the aim of this chat review was to analyze the demographics, presenting symptoms, diagnosis, and therapeutic management of otogenic sigmoid sinus thrombosis. Especially the role of low molecular weight heparin in the therapy of septic intracranial sinus thrombosis in children should be illuminated. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed. RESULTS: Six patients were included in this trial. One patient was treated completely conservatively. All other patients underwent surgical treatment consisting of mastoidectomy (n=5), additional thrombectomy (n=3) and ligation of the internal jugular vein (n=2). All patients received intravenous antibiotics and anticoagulants. Unfractionated heparin was administered for three days after surgery followed by an anticoagulant therapy with low-molecular weight heparin for three months. The activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and the anti-factor-Xa-plasma-levels were monitored during anticoagulation in short term intervals. There were no complications related to the anticoagulant therapy. Recanalization was found in all patients who were treated without thrombectomy or ligation of the internal jugular vein and in the case of complete conservative treatment. CONCLUSION: Simple mastoidectomy combined with broad spectrum antibiotics is the therapy of choice. Our results indicate that anticoagulants represent a safe treatment option if they are administered correctly.
Thorsten Ropposch; Ulrike Nemetz; Eva Maria Braun; Andreas Lackner; Christian Walch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8464     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ENT University Hospital Graz, Medical University Graz, Austria.
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