Document Detail

Low-level violence in schools: is there an association between school safety measures and peer victimization?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21223278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Low-level violent behavior, particularly school bullying, remains a critical public health issue that has been associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based prevention programs, while a valuable line of defense to stave off bullying, have shown inconsistent results in terms of decreasing bullying. This study explored whether school safety measures (eg, security guards, cameras, ID badges) were associated with student reports of different forms of peer victimization related to bullying.
METHODS: Data came from the 2007 School Crime Supplement of the National Crime Victimization Survey. Chi-square tests of independence were used to examine differences among categorical variables. Logistic regression models were constructed for the peer victimization outcomes. A count variable was constructed among the bullying outcomes (0-7) with which a Poisson regression model was constructed to analyze school safety measures' impacts on degree of victimization.
RESULTS: Of the various school safety measures, only having adults in hallways resulted in a significant reduction in odds of being physically bullied, having property vandalized, or having rumors spread. In terms of degree of victimization, having adults and/or staff supervising hallways was associated with an approximate 26% decrease in students experiencing an additional form of peer victimization.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated that school safety measures overall were not associated with decreased reports of low-level violent behaviors related to bullying. More research is needed to further explore what best promotes comprehensive safety in schools.
John Blosnich; Robert Bossarte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-13     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, American School Health Association.
Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 9190, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.
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