Document Detail


Low infant mortality among Palestine refugees despite the odds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21479095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To present data from a 2008 infant mortality survey conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and analyse infant mortality trends among Palestine refugees in 1995-2005.
METHODS: Following the preceding birth technique, mothers who were registering a new birth were asked if the preceding child was alive or dead, the day the child was born and the date of birth of the neonate whose birth was being registered. From this information, neonatal, infant and early child mortality rates were estimated. The age at death for early child mortality was determined by the mean interval between successive births and the mean age of neonates at registration.
FINDINGS: In 2005-2006, infant mortality among Palestine refugees ranged from 28 deaths per 100 000 live births in the Syrian Arab Republic to 19 in Lebanon. Thus, infant mortality in Palestine refugees is among the lowest in the Near East. However, infant mortality has stopped decreasing in recent years, although it remains at a level compatible with the attainment of Millennium Development Goal 4.
CONCLUSION: Largely owing to the primary health care provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine Refugees in the Near East and other entities, infant mortality among Palestine refugees had consistently decreased. However, it is no longer dropping. Measures to address the most likely reasons - early marriage and childbearing, poor socioeconomic conditions and limited access to good perinatal care - are needed.
Authors:
Flavia Riccardo; Ali Khader; Guido Sabatinelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-02-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1564-0604     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-11     Completed Date:  2011-09-08     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  304-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, Health Department Headquarters, Bayader Wadi Seer, PO Box 140157, Amman, Jordan. flaviariccardo@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Arabs / statistics & numerical data*
Cause of Death / trends
Child
Child Mortality / trends*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Israel
Jordan
Lebanon
Male
Maternal Mortality / trends
Pregnancy
Refugees / statistics & numerical data*
Risk Factors
Syria
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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