Document Detail

Low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma of salivary glands: characteristic immunohistochemical profile and evidence of striated duct differentiation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12021929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the present study is to determine the presence and distribution of epithelial and myoepithelial cells in mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of salivary glands and to compare them with normal salivary gland tissue and other primary carcinomas. This is in order to establish novel diagnostic criteria and to better understand MEC histogenesis. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from ten well-differentiated MECs, three adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC), four acinic cell carcinomas (AC), and three epithelial-myoepithelial carcinomas (EMCC) of salivary glands were studied with immunohistochemistry using antibodies that recognise antigens indicative of epithelial and myoepithelial cell differentiation. An anti-mitochondrial antibody was also employed. Normal salivary tissue was present for comparative study in non-tumorous areas of the same section from 12 cases. MEC contained numerous keratin-positive cells. Anti mitochondrial antibody was diffusely positive in all ten of these tumours. Smooth muscle actin, h-caldesmon, and smooth muscle heavy chain myosin, which are indicative of myoepithelial cell differentiation, were negative. Rare cells in only one case were stained by calponin. Cytokeratin 14 (CK14) and anti mitochondrial antibody stained cells located mainly at the periphery of neoplastic nests and cystic spaces, while CK7 was mainly present in cells bordering gland lumina (zoning pattern). The immunohistochemical cell profile was similar to that seen in striated normal ducts. All others tumours studied showed a different immunohistochemical pattern, mostly consisting of a lack of mitochondrion-rich cells and the presence of myoepithelial cells in ACC and EMCC. Immunoreactivity in MEC for CK7, CK14 and mitochondrial antibodies appears as a peculiar pattern of staining, different from that of other salivary gland tumors; this seems helpful for diagnostic purposes. In addition, a differentiation of the "striated duct phenotype" is suggested.
Maria Pia Foschini; Gianluca Marucci; Vincenzo Eusebi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2002-02-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology     Volume:  440     ISSN:  0945-6317     ISO Abbreviation:  Virchows Arch.     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-21     Completed Date:  2002-07-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423843     Medline TA:  Virchows Arch     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  536-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Oncology, Section of Anatomic Pathology, M. Malpighi University of Bologna, Ospedale Bellaria, Via Altura 3, 40139 Bologna, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Actins / analysis
Autoantigens / analysis
Calcium-Binding Proteins / analysis
Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / analysis
Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / chemistry*,  pathology*
Keratins / analysis
Microfilament Proteins
Mitochondria / immunology
Myosins / analysis
Salivary Gland Neoplasms / chemistry*,  pathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Actins; 0/Autoantigens; 0/Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0/Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0/Microfilament Proteins; 0/calponin; 68238-35-7/Keratins; EC

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