Document Detail

Low-fat diets are preferred.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12566138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This short review summarizes 4 main reasons for which low-fat diets are preferred to limit excessive weight gain: (1) For metabolic reasons, fat intake does not measurably stimulate fat oxidation; dietary fat above energy requirements is stored in adipose tissue. (2) Diets that are high in fat or are energy dense have a weak satiating effect and promote a passive overconsumption of energy relative to need. (3) A recent meta-analysis on the effect on body weight loss of low-fat diets followed for >2 months showed a significant weight difference of 3.3 kg between the diet and the control groups. A low-fat diet may also be beneficial in helping maintain weight loss. (4) Low-fat diets are also advocated to lower the risk of coronary heart disease and certain forms of cancer. There is no evidence showing that the small physiologic reduction of plasma highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol levels with a low-fat diet is detrimental.
Eric Jéquier; George A Bray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of medicine     Volume:  113 Suppl 9B     ISSN:  0002-9343     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Med.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-04     Completed Date:  2003-02-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0267200     Medline TA:  Am J Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41S-46S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Institute of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Coronary Disease / prevention & control
Diet, Fat-Restricted*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism
Neoplasms / prevention & control
Weight Loss
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats

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