Document Detail

Low-dose ketamine as a potential adjuvant therapy for painful vaso-occlusive crises in sickle cell disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23565738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The hallmark of sickle cell disease (SCD) is the acute painful vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC). Among SCD patients, vaso-occlusive pain episodes vary in frequency and severity. Some patients rarely have painful crises, while others are admitted to the hospital multiple times in a year for parenteral analgesics. Opioids are the mainstay of therapy for SCD-related pain. However, a subset of patients report continued pain despite escalating doses of opioids. Tolerance and opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) have been considered as possible explanations for this phenomenon. The activation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor has been implicated in both tolerance and OIH. As a NMDA receptor agonist, ketamine has been shown to modulate opioid tolerance and OIH in animal models and clinical settings. Low-dose ketamine, by virtue of its NMDA receptor agonist activity, could be a useful adjuvant to opioid therapy in patients with refractory SCD-related pain. Based on limited studies of adjuvant ketamine use for pain management, low-dose ketamine continuous infusion appears safe. Further clinical investigations are warranted to fully support the use of low-dose ketamine infusion in patients with SCD-related pain.
Caitlin M Neri; Sophie R Pestieau; Deepika S Darbari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-9592     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Anaesth     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206575     Medline TA:  Paediatr Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Children's National Medical Center, Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Washington, DC, USA; Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.
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