Document Detail

Low dietary folate and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency may lead to pregnancy complications through modulation of ApoAI and IFN-γ in spleen and placenta, and through reduction of methylation potential.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23112124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
SCOPE: Genetic or nutritional disturbances in folate metabolism lead to hyperhomocysteinemia and adverse reproductive outcomes. Folate-dependent homocysteine remethylation is required for methylation reactions and may influence choline/betaine metabolism. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been suggested to play a role in inflammation. The goal of this study was to determine whether folate-related pregnancy complications could be due to altered expression of some inflammatory mediators or due to disturbances in methylation intermediates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pregnant mice with or without a deficiency of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) were fed control diets or folate-deficient (FD) diets; tissues were collected at embryonic day 14.5. FD decreased plasma phosphocholine and increased plasma glycerophosphocholine and lysophosphatidylcholine. Liver betaine, phosphocholine, and S-adenosylmethionine:S-adenosylhomocysteine ratios were reduced in FD. In liver, spleen, and placenta, the lowest levels of apolipoprotein AI (ApoAI) were observed in Mthfr(+/-) mice fed FD. Increased interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) was observed in spleen and placentae due to FD or Mthfr genotype. Plasma homocysteine correlated negatively with liver and spleen ApoAI, and positively with IFN-γ. CONCLUSION: Low dietary folate or Mthfr deficiency during pregnancy may result in adverse pregnancy outcomes by altering expression of the inflammatory mediators ApoAI and IFN-γ in spleen and placenta. Disturbances in choline metabolism or methylation reactions may also play a role.
Leonie G Mikael; Jill Pancer; Xinyin Jiang; Qing Wu; Marie Caudill; Rima Rozen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular nutrition & food research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1613-4133     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231818     Medline TA:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Departments of Human Genetics and Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal Children's Hospital Research Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada.
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