Document Detail

Low concentrations of nitric oxide delay the differentiation of embryonic stem cells and promote their survival.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21368853     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nitric oxide (NO) is an intracellular messenger in several cell systems, but its contribution to embryonic stem cell (ESC) biology has not been characterized. Exposure of ESCs to low concentrations (2-20 μM) of the NO donor diethylenetriamine NO adduct confers protection from apoptosis elicited by leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) withdrawal. NO blocked caspase 3 activation, PARP degradation, downregulation of the pro-apoptotic genes Casp7, Casp9, Bax and Bak1 and upregulation of the anti-apoptotic genes Bcl-2 111, Bcl-2 and Birc6. These effects were also observed in cells overexpressing eNOS. Exposure of LIF-deprived mESCs to low NO prevented the loss of expression of self-renewal genes (Oct4, Nanog and Sox2) and the SSEA marker. Moreover, NO blocked the differentiation process promoted by the absence of LIF and bFGF in mouse and human ESCs. NO treatment decreased the expression of differentiation markers, such as Brachyury, Gata6 and Gata4. Constitutive overexpression of eNOS in cells exposed to LIF deprivation maintained the expression of self-renewal markers, whereas the differentiation genes were repressed. These effects were reversed by addition of the NOS inhibitor L-NMMA. Altogether, the data suggest that low NO has a role in the regulation of ESC differentiation by delaying the entry into differentiation, arresting the loss of self-renewal markers and promoting cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis.
J R Tejedo; R Tapia-Limonchi; S Mora-Castilla; G M Cahuana; A Hmadcha; F Martin; F J Bedoya; B Soria
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell death & disease     Volume:  1     ISSN:  2041-4889     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Death Dis     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-03     Completed Date:  2011-06-14     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101524092     Medline TA:  Cell Death Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Andalusian Center for Molecular Biology and Regenerative Medicine-University Pablo de Olavide, CIBERDEM, Seville, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Antigens, CD15 / metabolism
Cell Differentiation
Cell Survival
Embryonic Stem Cells / cytology*,  metabolism
Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism
Leukemia Inhibitory Factor / metabolism
Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III / metabolism
Octamer Transcription Factor-3 / metabolism
Polyamines / pharmacology
SOXB1 Transcription Factors / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, CD15; 0/Homeodomain Proteins; 0/Leukemia Inhibitory Factor; 0/Octamer Transcription Factor-3; 0/Polyamines; 0/SOXB1 Transcription Factors; 03K6SX4V2J/diethylenetriamine; 10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; EC Oxide Synthase Type III

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