Document Detail

Low chemoresponsiveness and inadequate hyperventilation contribute to exercise-induced hypoxemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7592220     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Is inadequate hyperventilation a cause of the exercise-induced hypoxemia observed in some athletes during intense exercise? If so, is this related to low chemoresponsiveness? To test the hypothesis that exercise-induced hypoxemia, inadequate hyperventilation, and chemoresponsiveness are related, 36 nonsmoking healthy men were divided into hypoxemic (Hyp; n = 13) or normoxemic (Nor; n = 15) groups based on arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2; Hyp < or = 90%, Nor > 92%) observed during maximum O2 uptake (VO2max). Men with intermediate SaO2 values (n = 8) were only included in correlation analysis. Ventilatory parameters were collected at rest, during a treadmill maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) test, and during a 5-min run at 90% VO2max. Chemoresponsiveness at rest was assessed via hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) and hypercapnic ventilatory response (HCVR). VO2max was not significantly different between Nor and Hyp. SaO2 was 93.8 +/- 0.9% (Nor) and 87.7 +/- 2.0% (Hyp) at VO2max. End-tidal PO2 and the ratio of minute ventilation to oxygen consumption (VE/VO2) were lower while PETCO2 was higher for Hyp (P < or = 0.01). End-tidal PO2, end-tidal PCO2, and VE/VO2 correlated (P < or = 0.05) to SaO2 (r = 0.84, r = -0.70, r = 0.72, respectively), suggesting that differences in oxygenation were due to differences in ventilation. HVR and HCVR were significantly lower for Hyp. HVR was related to VE/VO2 (r = 0.43), and HCVR was related to the ratio of VE to CO2 production at VO2max (r = 0.61).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
C A Harms; J M Stager
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  79     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-18     Completed Date:  1995-12-18     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  575-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Blood Gas Analysis
Chemoreceptor Cells / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Hypercapnia / physiopathology
Hyperventilation / physiopathology*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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