Document Detail

Low birthweight and prematurity in relation to paternal factors: a study of recurrence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10480698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The importance of paternal determinants in the occurrence of low birthweight and prematurity is not well known. We investigated these outcomes in siblings and paternal half siblings as a function of changes in putative external determinants between two births in fathers who had experienced the birth of a premature and/or low birthweight (PTB/LBW) infant. METHODS: All fathers who, between 1980 and 1992, had an infant born before 37 completed weeks' gestation or weighing <2500 g and a following child were studied. We identified 14 147 pairs of siblings from Danish national registers. The recurrence risk was studied in three sub-cohorts defined by the outcome in the index child (PTB only, PTB/LBW, LBW only). We estimated the recurrence risk in the younger sibling according to changes of female partner, municipality type, occupation, and father's social status. RESULTS: The overall recurrence risk was 16.7% for preterm delivery and 16.8% for LBW. Changing female partner was, as expected, associated with a reduction in the recurrence risk for both outcomes (RR = 0.40; 95% CI: 0.27-0.60 for preterm delivery and RR = 0.38; 95% CI : 0.26-0.56 for LBW). None of the other studied factors was associated with changes in the recurrence risk. Fathers who changed partner had offspring with similar birthweight and gestational length between the three sub-cohorts, while a difference was evident in offspring to fathers whose female partner was unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: We did not identify any paternal factor of importance in the occurrence of LBW and preterm delivery.
O Basso; J Olsen; K Christensen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0300-5771     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1999 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-13     Completed Date:  1999-10-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  695-700     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus.
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MeSH Terms
Denmark / epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Gestational Age
Infant Mortality / trends
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Nuclear Family
Obstetric Labor, Premature / epidemiology,  etiology*,  genetics
Paternal Exposure / adverse effects*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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