Document Detail

Low birth weight and preterm delivery as risk factors for asthma and atopic dermatitis in young adult males.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11021618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Gestational factors have been hypothesized to play a role in the susceptibility to asthma and atopic dermatitis. We examined whether fetal growth was associated with asthma and atopic dermatitis separately in a population of 4,795 male conscripts born between 1973 and 1975 in Denmark. The prevalence of asthma was 4.7%. The prevalence odds ratio of asthma in conscripts with a birth weight below 2,501 g was 1.5 (95% confidence interval = 0.7-3.1) compared with conscripts with a birth weight of 3,001-3,500 g, adjusted for gestational age and potential confounders. The adjusted prevalence odds ratio among conscripts born before 34 gestational weeks was 0.8 (95% confidence interval = 0.3-2.0) compared with conscripts born at term. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis was 1.0%. The prevalence odds ratio of atopic dermatitis among those with a birth weight below 2,501 g was 3.0 (95% confidence interval = 0.8-11.9) compared with those whose birth weight was between 3,001 and 3,500 g. Men whose gestational age had been below 34 weeks had an adjusted prevalence odds ratio of 0.3 (95% confidence interval = 0.0-3.1). These findings indicate that fetal growth retardation rather than preterm delivery of male infants is the main gestational factor underlying the associations but does not explain the apparent increase over time of asthma or atopic diseases.
F H Steffensen; H T Sørensen; M W Gillman; K J Rothman; S Sabroe; P Fischer; J Olsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1044-3983     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiology     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-19     Completed Date:  2000-10-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009644     Medline TA:  Epidemiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine M, Aalborg Hospital, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Asthma / epidemiology,  etiology*
Denmark / epidemiology
Dermatitis, Atopic / epidemiology,  etiology*
Disease Susceptibility
Fetal Growth Retardation / complications*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Maternal Age
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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