Document Detail

Low adherence of a clinically healthy Italian population to nutritional recommendations for primary prevention of chronic diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16935702     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several data demonstrated that dietary habits significantly affect the health state of the population. During recent years all the major scientific associations have provided nutritional recommendations for primary prevention of chronic diseases but few data are available about prevalence of adherence to these recommendations in an otherwise healthy population. The aims of this study were to evaluate dietary habits, and to assess the adherence of the general population to the recommendations for correct nutritional behaviour. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dietary habits, anthropometric and biochemical parameters were evaluated in a population of 932 (367 M; 565 F) clinically healthy subjects living in Florence, enrolled in an epidemiologic study conducted between 2002 and 2004. By comparing the dietary pattern with the nutritional guidelines, the study population reported a hyperproteic and hyperlipidic nutritional pattern, with a considerably low contribution from polyunsaturated fats (PUFA). A low fibre intake is shown in both genders. In addition, food consumption pattern showed an increased consumption of some foods such as meat, both fresh and processed, and a low intake of some "healthy" foods like fruit and vegetables. CONCLUSIONS: We found several nutritional flaws in the dietary habits of a clinically healthy Italian population. In particular, we reported a high intake of animal protein and total fats with a very low contribution from PUFA.
Francesco Sofi; Giulia Innocenti; Carla Dini; Laura Masi; Nino Carlo Battistini; Maria Luisa Brandi; Carlo Maria Rotella; Gian Franco Gensini; Rosanna Abbate; Calogero Surrenti; Alessandro Casini
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-01-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1590-3729     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-28     Completed Date:  2006-09-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111474     Medline TA:  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  436-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical and Surgical Critical Care, Thrombosis Centre, University of Florence, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / administration & dosage
Food Habits*
Middle Aged
Primary Prevention*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats, Unsaturated; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated

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