Document Detail


Low-risk profile for malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death after surgical ventricular reconstruction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20487339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although it has been recently demonstrated that there was no significant difference in total survival and clinical outcomes between patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with or without surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR), the question of whether or not SVR decreases the arrhythmic risk profile in this population has not been clarified yet.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the real incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (sustained VT/VF) in patients following CABG added to SVR and to define their clinical and echocardiographic parameters predicting in-hospital and long-term arrhythmic events (SCD + sustained VT/VF).
METHODS: Pre- and postoperative clinical and echocardiographic values as well as postoperative electrocardiogram Holter data of 65 patients (21 female, 63 ± 11 years) who underwent SVR + CABG were retrospectively evaluated.
RESULTS:  Mean follow-up was 1,105 ± 940 days. At 3 years, the SCD-free rate was 98% and the rate free from arrhythmic events was 88%. Multivariate logistic analysis identified a preoperative left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) > 102 mL/m(2) (odds ratio [OR] 1.4, confidence interval [CI] 1.073-1.864, P = 0.02; sensitivity 100%, specificity 94%) and a postoperative pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) > 27 mmHg (OR 2.3, CI 1.887-4.487, P = 0.01; sensitivity 100%, specificity 71%) as independent predictors of arrhythmic events.
CONCLUSIONS: Our and previous studies report a low incidence of arrhythmic events in patients following SVR added to CABG, considering the high-risk profile of the study population. A preoperative LVESVI > 102 mL/m(2) and a postoperative PASP > 27 mmHg had a good sensitivity and specificity in predicting arrhythmic events.
Authors:
Massimo Baravelli; Paolo Cattaneo; Andrea Rossi; Maria Cristina Rossi; Cecilia Fantoni; Anna Picozzi; Daniela Imperiale; Melania Romano; Lucia Saporiti; Alda Bregasi; Lorenzo Menicanti; Claudio Anzà
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-05     Completed Date:  2011-02-28     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1054-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
©2010, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*,  statistics & numerical data*
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology*
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Female
Heart Ventricles / surgery*
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tachycardia, Ventricular / epidemiology*
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Fibrillation / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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