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Low Recurrence Rate in Treating Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia with Triple Freeze-Thaw Cycles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22978688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Cryoablation is an alternative to radiofrequency ablation in treating atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, its long-term effectiveness is in question when compared to radiofrequency ablation. We reviewed the results of cryoablation in children with AVNRT at our institute. Methods: We performed a retrospective single-center chart review of consecutive patients ≤18 years of age with AVNRT who underwent cryoablation between January 2007 and August 2009. During cryoablation, a 6-mm-tip cryocatheter was used with temperature set to -80°C. Test lesions were performed at the presumed slow pathway location based on combined anatomic and electrophysiologic approach. If successful, ablation was then continued with triple freeze-thaw cycles (FTC) of 4 minutes each. Results: A total of 53 patients (age range: 6.1-18.4 years, mean: 13.6 years, median: 13.2 years) underwent slow pathway modification with cryoablation. Acute success was achieved in 51 (96.2%) cases. Transient atrioventricular block was seen in 19 cases. The block occurred during FTC in eight patients (15%). The number of FTC was three in 47 (92.2%) patients. Less than three FTC were given in two patients due to transient heart block and four FTC were given in two patients with suspected catheter movement. Procedure duration was 177 ± 56 minutes; fluoroscopic time was 14 ± 11 minutes. Mean follow-up was 30.7 ± 10 (range 12-52, median 31) months. Recurrence of supraventricular tachycardia was seen in only one (1.96%) patient. Conclusion: Triple FTC cryoablation lesions resulted in a low recurrence rate comparable to RF ablation in treating AVNRT without increased complications. (PACE 2012;00:1-7).
Authors:
Muhammad Y Qureshi; Christopher Ratnasamy; Mary Sokoloski; Ming-Lon Young
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2012, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas Joe DiMaggio Children's Hospital, Hollywood, Florida.
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