Document Detail

Loss of scotopic contrast sensitivity in the optomotor response of diabetic mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23287790     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Diabetes reduces retinal and visual sensitivity to dim light flashes. However, the impact of diabetes on contrast sensitivity in dim light is unknown. Based on the lowered visual sensitivity previously observed, we hypothesized that contrast sensitivity would similarly be reduced. We therefore examined scotopic contrast sensitivity of the optomotor response in the Ins2(Akita/+) mouse model of type 1 diabetes.
METHODS: A longitudinal study of spatial and temporal contrast sensitivity in Ins2(Akita/+) mice and wild-type Ins2(+/+) littermates was conducted. Contrast sensitivity of the optomotor response to rotating gratings of various spatial and temporal frequencies was measured at a dim luminance level (2.6 · 10(-5) cd/m2) known to elicit rod- but not cone-driven responses.
RESULTS: An early, progressive loss in scotopic contrast sensitivity was observed in Ins2(Akita/+) mice that was absent from Ins2(+/+) littermate controls. The loss in contrast sensitivity developed over a 3- to 4-month period after the onset of hyperglycemia. Ins2(Akita/+) mice exhibited a nonselective 40% loss in sensitivity to all spatial frequencies and a selective loss in sensitivity to fast but not to slow varying gratings (temporal frequencies > 0.1 Hz or, equivalently, speeds > 3 deg/s). Such losses in sensitivity were prevented by glycemic control with insulin treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: An association between a model of type 1 diabetes and scotopic contrast sensitivity of the optomotor response is indicated. Ins2(Akita/+) mice exhibit a uniform loss in optomotor contrast sensitivity to all spatial frequencies that, unexpectedly, can be explained as being secondary to a retinal or central loss in sensitivity to high temporal frequencies.
Yumiko Umino; Eduardo Solessio
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Investigative ophthalmology & visual science     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1552-5783     ISO Abbreviation:  Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-01     Completed Date:  2013-04-24     Revised Date:  2013-08-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703701     Medline TA:  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1536-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Vision Research and SUNY Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Contrast Sensitivity / physiology*
Dark Adaptation / physiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy,  physiopathology*
Disease Models, Animal
Drug Implants
Hyperglycemia / drug therapy,  physiopathology*
Insulin / administration & dosage
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Motor Neurons / physiology
Night Vision / physiology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Visual Pathways / physiopathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Drug Implants; 0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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