Document Detail

Loss of lymphatic vessels and regional lipid accumulation is associated with great saphenous vein incompetence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22226181     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that biologic changes in the vein wall associated with varicose veins (VVs) occur not only in valvular tissue but also in nonvalvular regions. We previously used imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) to determine the distribution of lipid molecules in incompetent valve tissue. In this study, we used IMS to analyze incompetent great saphenous veins (GSVs) in patients with varicose vein (VV) to assess the distribution of lipid molecules.
METHODS: We obtained GSV tissue from 38 VV patients (50 limbs) who underwent GSV stripping. For the control veins (CV), we obtained GSV samples from 10 patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass with reversed GSV grafting for peripheral artery occlusive disease (10 limbs). Conventional and immunofluorescence staining were performed for histopathologic examination. The total lipid content in the homogenized vein tissue was determined. The localization of each lipid molecule in the vein wall was assessed by IMS.
RESULTS: The histologic examination showed the VV walls were significantly thicker than the CV walls, and only the VV adventitia was positive for lipid staining. The VV wall had higher concentrations of phospholipids and triglycerides than the CV wall. IMS revealed an abnormal accumulation of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC; 1-acyl 16:0) and phosphatidylcholine (diacyl 16:0/20:4) in the VV intima and media. Triglyceride was found only in VV adventitia. The number of lymphatic vessels, as measured by staining with D2-40, a lymphatic vessel-specific marker, was significantly lower in the VV adventitia than in the CV adventitia. Lymphatic vessel reduction may be associated with insufficient lymphatic drainage in the VV adventitia causing histologic changes in VV tissue.
CONCLUSIONS: The accumulation of LPC (1-acyl 16:0) and PC (diacyl 16:0/20:4) in the VV intima and media may be associated with chronic inflammation, leading to VV tissue degeneration. Furthermore, insufficient lipid drainage by lymphatic vessel may be responsible for accumulation of lipid molecules and subsequent vein wall degeneration.
Hiroki Tanaka; Nobuhiro Zaima; Takeshi Sasaki; Naoto Yamamoto; Masaki Sano; Hiroyuki Konno; Mitsutoshi Setou; Naoki Unno
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-01-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  2012-06-20     Revised Date:  2012-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1440-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Vascular Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Connective Tissue / chemistry,  pathology
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Lipids / analysis*
Lymphatic Vessels / pathology*
Lysophosphatidylcholines / analysis
Middle Aged
Phosphatidylcholines / analysis
Saphenous Vein / chemistry*,  pathology*,  surgery
Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Triglycerides / analysis
Varicose Veins / metabolism*,  pathology*,  surgery
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids; 0/Lysophosphatidylcholines; 0/Phosphatidylcholines; 0/Triglycerides

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