Document Detail

Looking beyond the face: A training to improve perceivers' impressions of people with facial paralysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25441097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers and lay people alike tend to form inaccurate first impressions of people with facial movement disorders such as facial paralysis (FP) because of the natural tendency to base impressions on the face. This study tested the effectiveness of the first interpersonal sensitivity training for FP.
METHODS: Undergraduate participants were randomly assigned to one of two training conditions or an untrained control. Education raised awareness about FP symptoms and experiences and instructed participants to form their impressions based on cues from the body and voice rather than the face. Education+feedback added feedback about the correctness of participants' judgments. Subsequently, participants watched 30s video clips of people with FP and rated their extraversion.
RESULTS: Participants' bias and accuracy in the two training conditions did not significantly differ, but they were significantly less biased than controls. Training did not improve the more challenging task of accurately detecting individual differences in extraversion.
CONCLUSION: Educating people improves bias, but not accuracy, of impressions of people with FP.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Information from the education condition could be delivered in a pamphlet to those likely to interact with this population such as healthcare providers and educators.
Kathleen R Bogart; Linda Tickle-Degnen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Patient education and counseling     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-5134     ISO Abbreviation:  Patient Educ Couns     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406280     Medline TA:  Patient Educ Couns     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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