Document Detail

Longterm follow-up of children with traumatic optic nerve avulsion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19141147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: We report the longterm follow-up of children with optic nerve avulsion (ONA) caused by traumatic events. The remarkable differences in courses and outcomes may elucidate the spectrum of ONA-associated symptoms and injuries. METHODS: During the last 15 years, three children with ONA were referred to our department. These cases are presented with special attention to their longterm follow-up. RESULTS: Two patients suffered from complete ONA after head injury. The third patient presented with partial ONA caused by a bicycle accident. Longterm follow-up varied between 7 and 15 years. In the first patient, a pale swollen retina without any visible retinal vasculature was observed early in the course of follow-up. The retina later completely detached. In the second patient, extended fibroglial scarring occurred and an extremely large epiretinal membrane formed and was finally released spontaneously into the vitreous. The third patient developed only mild fibroglial scarring and retinal pigment epithelium hyperplasia. The optic nerve head in this patient came to resemble a morning glory disc. CONCLUSIONS: Optic nerve avulsion can adopt different courses and outcomes in different patients. Final visual outcome seems to depend on the degree of visual acuity immediately after injury. Substantial intraocular architecture changes can occur as a result of ONA.
Veit Sturm; Marcel N Menke; Oliver Bergamin; Klara Landau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2009-12-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1755-3768     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-05     Completed Date:  2010-08-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101468102     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  486-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Injuries / etiology
Child, Preschool
Eye Injuries / diagnosis,  etiology*
Follow-Up Studies
Optic Disk / pathology
Optic Nerve Injuries / diagnosis,  etiology*
Retinal Diseases / etiology
Retrospective Studies
Vision Disorders / etiology
Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis,  etiology*

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