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Longitudinal trends in hedonic hunger after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24135561     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Initial outcome studies have reported that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is safe and efficacious for adolescents with extreme obesity. Although rapid weight loss is seen initially, data also show that modest weight regain typically occurs as early as the second postoperative year. The contribution of various psychological factors, including hedonic hunger, to postoperative weight regain has not previously been studied in adolescents. The objective of this study was to examine the variability in hedonic hunger and body mass index (BMI) over the initial 2-year period of weight loss and modest weight regain in adolescent RYGB recipients.
METHODS: A total of 16 adolescents completed the Power of Food Scale before surgery and at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively. Height and weight were measured at each time point, from which BMI was calculated.
RESULTS: Nonlinear trends were observed for time on both overall hedonic hunger and hedonic hunger specifically related to food available in the adolescent's environment. The BMI reduction during the first 18 months postoperatively was paralleled by reduction in hedonic hunger; increases in hedonic hunger also paralleled the modest BMI increase at 24 months. In growth analysis, significant power gains are available to models using 4 or more points of data. However, only large effect sizes that are>.85 were detectable with a sample of 16 patients.
CONCLUSION: These data provide preliminary evidence that hedonic hunger is in need of further study in adolescent patients receiving RYGB both preoperatively and postoperatively.
Authors:
Christopher C Cushing; Stephen C Benoit; James L Peugh; Jennifer Reiter-Purtill; Thomas H Inge; Meg H Zeller
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-7533     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Obes Relat Dis     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233161     Medline TA:  Surg Obes Relat Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.
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