Document Detail

Longitudinal study of diet and iron deficiency anaemia in infants during the first two years of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12495255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objectives of this study were: (i) to investigate the energy, iron, zinc, calcium and vitamin C intakes of a group of healthy term Caucasian infants resident in Dunedin, New Zealand, prospectively from age 9 months to 2 years; and (ii) to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia among these infants. A self-selected sample of 74 Caucasian mothers and their infants born in Dunedin, New Zealand, between October 1995 and May 1996 were recruited. Dietary intake was determined using estimated diet records at 9, 12, 18 and 24 months of age. Haemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume andzinc protoporphyrin concentration were determined at the same ages. The infants' zinc, calcium and vitamin C intakes appeared adequate. Their median iron intakes ranged from 4.3 mg (at 12 months) to 7.0 mg (at 9 months) per day and were below estimated requirements at all ages. At 9, 12 and 18 months of age, 7% (n = 4) of the infants had iron deficiency anaemia. None of the infants had iron deficiency anaemia at 24 months. The iron intakes of this group of Caucasian infants and young children appeared inadequate. However, their rate of iron deficiency anaemia was lower than has been reported in previous New Zealand studies.
Anne-Louise M Heath; Cynthia Reeves Tuttle; Megan S L Simons; Christine L Cleghorn; Winsome R Parnell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-23     Completed Date:  2003-05-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / epidemiology*
Ascorbic Acid / administration & dosage
Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Child, Preschool
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake
Erythrocyte Indices
Hemoglobins / metabolism
Infant Food / statistics & numerical data
Iron / blood*
Iron, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Longitudinal Studies
New Zealand / epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Protoporphyrins / blood
Zinc / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Hemoglobins; 0/Iron, Dietary; 0/Protoporphyrins; 15442-64-5/zinc protoporphyrin; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid; 7439-89-6/Iron; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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