Document Detail


Longitudinal right ventricular function is a better predictor of right ventricular contribution to exercise performance than global or outflow tract ejection fraction in tetralogy of Fallot: A combined echocardiography and Magnetic Resonance Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22782958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The contribution of the systolic function of the right ventricular (RV) outflow tract (RVOT) and of longitudinal shortening of the body of the right ventricle to global RV systolic function and exercise capacity in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair is unclear. Our aim was to characterize the functional role of the RVOT and to identify the most suitable method of assessing RV systolic function in clinical practice. METHODS: The cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) studies, echocardiograms, and medical records of 50 consecutive patients with repaired TOF who underwent CMR were reviewed. The volumes of the RVOT and of the remainder of the RV were measured separately. Echocardiographic RV strain measurements based on ultrasound speckle tracking were collected. RESULTS: After excluding the akinetic RVOT, RVEF was statistically higher (47.1 vs. 45.0%, P< 0.0001) but the average increase in EF was small. The correlations of fractional area change and global longitudinal strain, both by echocardiography, with global RVEF were moderate (r= 0.59, P= 0.0001 and r= 0.56, P= 0.0004, respectively). The correlation between RVEF and predicted maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2)max-predicted) was weak, regardless of whether the akinetic RVOT was included or not (r= 0.33, P= 0.049 and r= 0.36, P= 0.03, respectively). Of all imaging parameters, echocardiographic RV longitudinal strain correlated best with VO(2)max-predicted (r= 0.66, P= 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients following TOF repair, echocardiographic and CMR descriptors of global RV systolic function are, at best, weak predictors of exercise tolerance. Longitudinal function of the RV, measured remotely from the RVOT, may be a more important determinant of exercise performance than global RVEF in patients with aneurismal RVOTs.
Authors:
Mohammed H Alghamdi; Luc Mertens; Whal Lee; Shi-Joon Yoo; Lars Grosse-Wortmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, 555 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X8.
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