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Longitudinal evaluation of hepatic lipid deposition and composition in ob/ob and ob/+ control mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355481     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and hepatosteatosis. Understanding the link between IR and hepatosteatosis could be relevant to chronic clinical outcomes. The objective of this study was to quantitatively assess lipid deposition (fractional lipid mass, fLM) and composition (fraction of polyunsaturated lipids, fPUL and mean chain length, MCL) in livers of ob/ob mice, a genetic model of obesity and mild diabetes, and ob/+ heterozygous control animals in a noninvasive manner using (1) H-MRS at 9.4T. For accurate quantification, intensity values were corrected for differences in T(2) values while T(1) effects were considered minimal due to the long T(R) values used. Values of fLM, fPUL and MCL were derived from T(2) -corrected signal intensities of lipids and water resonance. Hepatic lipid signals were compared with fasted plasma insulin, glucose and lipid levels. Statistically significant correlations between fPUL and fasting plasma insulin/glucose levels were found in adolescent ob/ob mice. A similar correlation was found between fLM and fasting plasma insulin levels; however, the correlation between fLM and fasting plasma glucose levels was less obvious in adolescent ob/ob mice. These correlations were lost in adult ob/ob mice. The study showed that in adolescent ob/ob mice, there was an obvious link between lipid deposition/composition in the liver and plasma insulin/glucose levels. This correlation was lost in adult animals, probably due to the limited lipid storage capacity of the liver. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Qiong Ye; Carsten Friedrich Danzer; Alexander Fuchs; Divya Vats; Christian Wolfrum; Markus Rudin
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  NMR in biomedicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-1492     ISO Abbreviation:  NMR Biomed     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915233     Medline TA:  NMR Biomed     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Institute for Biomedical Engineering, ETH Zürich and University of Zürich, Switzerland.
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