Document Detail

A Longitudinal Examination of Verbal Reassurance During Infant Immunization: Occurrence and Examination of Emotional Availability as a Potential Moderator*
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22575732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations between caregiver verbal reassurance and infant pain-related distress during immunization over the first year of life. The relationships between verbal reassurance and caregiver emotional availability (EA) were also examined. Finally, EA was investigated as a moderator of the relationship between verbal reassurance and infant pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted with 606 infants (and their parents) at 4 different ages (n = 376 at 2 months, n = 455 at 4 months, n = 484 at 6 months, and n = 407 at 12 months). RESULTS: Verbal reassurance was positively associated with infant distress across all four ages. EA was only negatively related to verbal reassurance at 12 months of age. EA was not a significant moderator at any age. CONCLUSION: Findings demonstrate consistent but small relationships between verbal reassurance and infant pain over the first year of life.
Nicole M Racine; Rebecca R Pillai Riddell; David Flora; Hartley Garfield; Saul Greenberg
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric psychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-735X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801773     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
York University and Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto.
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