Document Detail


Longevity pattern in the Italian region of Emilia Romagna: a dynamic perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22639125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The pattern of longevity in the Italian north-eastern region of Emilia Romagna was investigated at the municipality level, considering a modified version of the centenarian rate (CR) in two different periods (1995-1999 and 2005-2009). Due to the rareness of such events in small areas, spatio-temporal modelling was used to tackle the random variations in the occurrence of long-lived individuals. This approach allowed us to exploit the spatial proximity to smooth the observed data, as well as controlling for the effects of a set of covariates. As a result, clusters of areas characterised by extreme indexes of longevity could be identified and the temporal evolution of the phenomenon depicted. A persistence of areas of lower and higher occurrences of long-lived subjects was observed across time. In particular, mean and median values higher than the regional ones, showed up in areas belonging to the provinces of Ravenna and Forli-Cesena, on one side spreading out along the Adriatic coast and, on the other stretching into the Apennine municipalities of Bologna and Modena. Further, a longitudinal perspective was added by carrying out a spatial analysis including the territorial patterns of past mortality. We evaluated the effects of the structure of mortality on the cohort of long-lived subjects in the second period. The major causes of death were considered in order to deepen the analysis of the observed geographical differences. The circulatory diseases seem to mostly affect the presence of long-lived individuals and a prominent effect of altitude and population density also emerges.
Authors:
Giulia Roli; Alessandra Samoggia; Rossella Miglio; Rossella Rettaroli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Geospatial health     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1970-7096     ISO Abbreviation:  Geospat Health     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101302943     Medline TA:  Geospat Health     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy.
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