Document Detail

Longevity and efficacy of bifenthrin treatment on desert-pattern US military camouflage netting against mosquitoes in a hot-arid environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22017092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The current Department of Defense pest management system does not provide adequate protection from arthropod disease vectors to personnel deployed in support of US military operations. We hypothesized that military camouflage netting, ubiquitous around living and working areas in current US military operations in Africa and the Middle East, treated with a residual pesticide such as bifenthrin may reduce the presence of biting insects and improve the military pest management system. In this study, we examined the longevity and efficacy of bifenthrin applied to camouflage netting material at the maximum label rate of 0.03 liter formulation (7.9% AI) per 92.9 m2 against field populations of mosquitoes in southern California in a hot-arid environment similar to regions of Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Horn of Africa. We showed that bifenthrin treatment of camouflage netting was effective at reducing mosquito populations, predominantly Psorophora columbiae and Aedes vexans, by an average of up to 46% for 56 days, and could cause as much as 40% mortality in Culex quinquefasciatus in laboratory bioassays for nearly 2 months postapplication. These population reductions could translate to commensurate reductions in risk of exposure to mosquito-borne pathogens, and could potentially be effective against sand flies and filth flies.
Seth C Britch; Kenneth J Linthicum; Willard W Wynn; Robert L Aldridge; Todd W Walker; Muhammad Farooq; James C Dunford; Vincent L Smith; Cathy A Robinson; Branka B Lothrop; Melissa Snelling; Arturo Gutierrez; Jeremy Wittie; Gregory White
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association     Volume:  27     ISSN:  8756-971X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc.     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511299     Medline TA:  J Am Mosq Control Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  272-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, 1600/1700 SW 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA.
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