Document Detail

Long-term treatment with estradiol induces reversible alterations in tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neurons: a decreased responsiveness to prolactin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6504266     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous studies have demonstrated that short-term (3-5 days) treatment with estradiol increases the rate of turnover and synthesis of dopamine (DA) in terminals of tuberoinfundibular (TI) neurons in the median eminence by virtue of the ability of this hormone to increase circulating concentrations of prolactin. The present studies were undertaken to examine the long-term effects of estradiol on serum prolactin concentrations and TIDA neuronal activity (estimated by the rate of DOPA accumulation in the median eminence after the administration of a decarboxylase inhibitor). Female rats, ovariectomized for 2 weeks, were implanted subcutaneously with silastic capsules containing estradiol benzoate and sacrificed 6, 12 and 18 days after capsule implantation. Serum prolactin concentrations were markedly increased at 6, 12 and 18 days whereas the rate of DOPA accumulation was increased at 6 days but not at 12 days, and was decreased at 18 days. The concentration of DA in the median eminence was reduced at 6 days and further reduced at 12 and 18 days. The low rate of DOPA accumulation in the median eminence despite the high circulating concentrations of prolactin suggests that long-term estradiol treatment reduces the ability of TIDA neurons to respond to prolactin. This was confirmed by the finding that direct intracerebroventricular (icv) injections of prolactin increased the rate of DOPA accumulation in the median eminence of sham-implanted rats but not in 18 day estradiol-treated rats. To determine if the effects of estradiol were reversible, ovariectomized rats were implanted with estradiol-containing capsules for 18 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
K T Demarest; G D Riegle; K E Moore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroendocrinology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0028-3835     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroendocrinology     Publication Date:  1984 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-01-04     Completed Date:  1985-01-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0035665     Medline TA:  Neuroendocrinology     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Dopamine / physiology*
Estradiol / pharmacology*
Haloperidol / pharmacology
Hypothalamus / drug effects*
Neurons / drug effects*
Prolactin / blood,  physiology*
Rats, Inbred Strains
Time Factors
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
50-28-2/Estradiol; 52-86-8/Haloperidol; 9002-62-4/Prolactin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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