Document Detail


Long-term survival of dialysis patients after coronary bypass grafting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12173829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patients are undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with increasing frequency. The long-term effect of preoperative dialysis-dependent renal failure on mortality after CABG has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective regional cohort study of 15,574 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG in northern New England from 1992 to 1997. Patient records were linked to the National Death Index to assess mortality. Five-year survival and adjusted hazard ratios were calculated. RESULTS: During 32,589 person-years of follow-up 1298 deaths were recorded. Renal failure was present in 283 patients (1.8%), and 67.8% of patients with renal failure also had diabetes or peripheral vascular disease (PVD). The annual death rate was 3.8% for nonrenal failure patients, 16.9% for all renal failure patients, 7.7% for renal failure patients without diabetes or PVD, and 23.0% for renal failure patients with diabetes or PVD. Five-year survival was 83.5% for nonrenal failure patients, 55.8% for all renal failure patients, 78.5% for renal failure patients without diabetes or PVD, and 42.2% for renal failure patients with diabetes or PVD. After adjustment for differences in base line patient and disease characteristics, renal failure patients without diabetes or PVD had a statistically nonsignificant 57% increase rate of death compared with those without renal failure; renal failure patients with diabetes or PVD had more than a fourfold increased risk of death. CONCLUSIONS: After adjustment for other risk factors, renal failure remains a highly significant predictor of decreased long-term survival in CABG patients. Patients with renal failure plus diabetes or PVD are at especially high risk of death.
Authors:
Lawrence J Dacey; Jean Y Liu; John H Braxton; Ronald M Weintraub; Joseph DeSimone; David C Charlesworth; Stephen J Lahey; Cathy S Ross; Felix Hernandez; Bruce J Leavitt; Gerald T O'Connor;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-13     Completed Date:  2002-09-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  458-62; discussion 462-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756-0001, USA. lawrence.j.dacey@dartmouth.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass*
Female
Humans
Kidney Failure / mortality,  therapy
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Renal Dialysis / mortality*
Survival Rate
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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