Document Detail


Long-term strength training for community-dwelling people over 75: impact on muscle function, functional ability and life style.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16636856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective was to determine the impact of a 1-year mixed strength-training programme on muscle function, functional ability, physical activity and life style. Twice-a-week hospital-based exercise classes and a once-a-week home session were conducted. Nineteen healthy community-dwelling training (T) men (76.6 +/- 3.1 years), 19 women (77.5 +/- 4.0 years) and 20 matched controls (C) participated in this study. Training was given with a two multi-gym machines for the lower limbs (Sitting calf and Leg press, TECHNOGYM, Italy) at 60% of the repetition maximum (1 RM) and at home it was with elastic bands. The following were the measurements made: muscle function-maximum isometric strength of the knee extensors (KE) and ankle plantar flexors (PF) measured with a Cybex Norm dynamometer, leg extensor power (LEP) with the Nottingham Power Rig; functional abilities-functional reach, chair rise, bed rise, 6-min walking test, stair climbing, get up and go, one-leg standing; physical activity-aerobic activities over 3 MET intensity (AA3), intensity classes; life-style-mean daily energy expenditure (MDEE). Significant gains in muscle function and functional abilities in both training females and males were observed, but females improved significantly more than males. Males (T + C) showed higher AA3 times than females (T + C) (P = 0.02), with females significantly more involved in light-intensity activities. We observed a 60% increase (t = 2.45) in AA3 time in T, but no increase in C. Trained males increased Class 2 physical activity time by 146% (t = 2.82) and trained females by 16% (t = 2.23). MDEE increased by 10% (t=2.62) in trained males. Our long-term mixed programme can improve muscle function and functional abilities in elderly females and functional abilities in males. It can positively affect the amount of habitual physical activity and the life-style of males and females over 75.
Authors:
Paolo Capodaglio; Maria Capodaglio Edda; Marco Facioli; Francesco Saibene
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-04-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  100     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-27     Completed Date:  2007-10-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  535-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
UO Neuroriabilitazione, Fondazione Maugeri IRCCS, via Boezio 28, 27100 Pavia, Italy. pcapodaglio@fsm.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Ankle / physiology
Energy Metabolism / physiology
Exercise / physiology
Female
Humans
Isometric Contraction / physiology
Knee / physiology
Life Style
Male
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Education and Training
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Postural Balance / physiology
Questionnaires
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Sex Factors
Time Factors
Torque
Walking / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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