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Long-term results of a randomized clinical trial comparing Roux-en-$\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass with vertical banded gastroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23180572     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The long-term results of Roux-en-$\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. METHODS: Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The frequency of reoperation was assessed up to 10 years after surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-six (80 per cent) of the 82 subjects randomized were assessed for weight and BMI 6 years after surgery, 30 (81 per cent) in the gastric bypass group and 36 (80 per cent) in the VBG group. Intention-to-treat analysis demonstrated greater weight loss after gastric bypass compared with VBG, 6 years after surgery: BMI reduced from 41·8 (95 per cent confidence interval 41·3 to 42·3) to 30·3 (28·6 to 32·0) kg/m(2) for gastric bypass and from 42·3 (42·8 to 44·8) to 32·9 (31·3 to 34·5) kg/m(2) for VBG (P = 0·036). Gastric bypass caused a larger loss of fat mass (P = 0·026) and better preservation of lean tissue (P = 0·009). Patients having a gastric bypass had greater postprandial responses to the satiety hormones glucagon-like peptide 1 and peptide YY (P = 0·003 and P = 0·004 respectively). Ghrelin levels did not differ between the groups. Patients with a gastric bypass maintained a lower intake of fat compared with those having VBG (P = 0·013). Some 89 per cent of patients who initially had VBG had undergone, or were scheduled for, conversion to gastric bypass at latest follow-up. CONCLUSION: Gastric bypass was superior to VBG regarding weight loss, body composition, dietary composition and postprandial satiety hormone responses. Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
M Werling; L Fändriks; P Björklund; A Maleckas; J Brandberg; H Lönroth; C W le Roux; T Olbers
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2168     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372553     Medline TA:  Br J Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Gastrosurgical Research and Education, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. malin.werling@gmail.com.
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