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Long-term outcomes and quality of life in critically ill patients with hematological or solid malignancies: a single center study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23248039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Data concerning long-term outcomes and quality of life (QOL) in critically ill cancer patients are scarce. The aims of this study were to assess long-term outcomes and QOL in critically ill patients with hematological (HM) or solid malignancies (SM) 3 months and 1  year after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge, to compare these with QOL before ICU admission, and to identify prognostic indicators of long-term QOL. METHODS: During a 1 year prospective observational cohort analysis, consecutive patients with HM or SM admitted to the medical or surgical ICU of a university hospital were screened for inclusion. Cancer data, demographics, co-morbidity, severity of illness, organ failures, and outcomes were collected. The QOL before ICU admission, 3 months, and 1 year after ICU discharge was assessed using standardized questionnaires (EuroQoL-5D, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey). Statistical significance was attained at P < 0.05. RESULTS: There were 483 patients (85 HM, 398 SM) (64 % men) with a median age of 62 years included. Mortality rates of HM compared to SM were, respectively: hospital (34 vs. 13 %), 3 months (42 vs. 17 %), and 1 year (66 vs. 36 %) (P < 0.001). QOL declined at 3 months, but improved at 1 year although it remained under baseline QOL, particularly in HM. Older age (P = 0.007), severe comorbidity (P = 0.035), and HM (P = 0.041) were independently associated with poorer QOL at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term outcomes and QOL were poor, particularly in HM. Long-term expectations should play a larger role during multidisciplinary triage decisions upon referral to the ICU.
S G Oeyen; D D Benoit; L Annemans; P O Depuydt; S J Van Belle; R I Troisi; L A Noens; P Pattyn; J M Decruyenaere
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Intensive care medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1238     ISO Abbreviation:  Intensive Care Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704851     Medline TA:  Intensive Care Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Intensive Care Medicine 1K12IC, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium,
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