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Long-term outcomes of primary trabeculectomy in diabetic patients with primary open angle glaucoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To evaluate primary trabeculectomy with adjunctive mitomycin-C (MMC) in diabetic patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) without retinopathy who had ≥6 months of postoperative follow-up were retrospectively compared with a control group selected from the pool of patients without DM matched case-by-case to the diabetic group by age, gender, race, preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) and lens status. Surgical success was defined as IOP ≤15 and >5 mm Hg (± glaucoma medications) without complications or additional glaucoma surgery. RESULTS: 41 eyes (29 patients) with DM and 81 eyes (64 patients) without DM were compared. Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival rates at 60 months were 57.8±9.3% (DM group) and 68.6±5.3% (control group), and the mean trabeculectomy survival times were 63 months (DM group, 95% CI 50.3 to 75.7) and 74.6 months (control group, 95% CI 67.1 to 82.1; p=0.095). Mean postoperative IOP of control group was statistically significant lower at 2-, 3-, 6- and 7-year follow-up visits (p<0.05). Rates of postoperative complications and additional glaucoma surgeries required were not different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: POAG patients with DM without retinopathy undergoing primary trabeculectomy with MMC do not achieve the same long-term IOP control and may have a lower long-term surgical survival rate compared with patients without DM.
Authors:
Simon K Law; Hamid Hosseini; Elham Saidi; Nariman Nassiri; Gundappa Neelakanta; Joann A Giaconi; Joseph Caprioli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-2079     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421041     Medline TA:  Br J Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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