Document Detail


Long-term influence of mild or moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20386769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The issue of mild to moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is controversial after conventional surgery, and has not been specifically studied after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery.
OBJECTIVE: To review the influence of mild or moderate IMR on longterm survival and recurrent cardiac events after OPCAB surgery.
METHODS: A total of 1000 consecutive and systematic OPCAB patients who underwent operations between September 1996 and March 2004 were prospectively followed. Sixty-seven patients (6.7%) had mild to moderate IMR at the time of surgery. Operative mortality, actuarial survival and major adverse cardiac event-free survival were studied to assess the effect of IMR.
RESULTS: The mean (+/- SD) follow-up period was 66+/-22 months and was completed in 97% of the cohort. IMR patients were older (P<0.001), and had lower ejection fractions (P<0.001) and more comorbidities. More female patients presented with IMR (P=0.002). Operative mortality (P=0.25) and prevalence of perioperative myocardial infarction (P=0.25) were comparable for both groups. Eight-year survival was decreased in IMR patients (P<0.001), but after adjusting for risk factors in the Cox regression model, mild to moderate IMR was not found to be a significant risk factor of long-term mortality (P=0.42). Major adverse cardiac event-free survival at eight years was significantly lower in IMR patients (P<0.001) and, more specifically, in patients with 2+ IMR. After adjusting for risk factors, IMR remained a significant cause of poor outcome (hazard ratio 2.09), especially for recurrent congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction.
CONCLUSIONS: OPCAB patients with preoperative mild or moderate IMR had a higher prevalence of preoperative risk factors than those without IMR. They had comparable perioperative mortality and morbidity but, over the long term, were found to be at risk for recurrent cardiac events.
Authors:
Jong-Myeon Hong; Raymond Cartier; Michel Pellerin; Philippe Demers; Denis Bouchard; P Couture
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of cardiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1916-7075     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-13     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  2011-07-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510280     Medline TA:  Can J Cardiol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Coronary Artery Bypass*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Failure / epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / mortality*
Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology,  therapy
Patient Readmission
Prospective Studies
Recurrence
Renal Insufficiency / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Stroke Volume
Survival Analysis
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