Document Detail


Long-term impacts of an organophosphate-based regime of pesticides on field and field-edge Collembola communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12400438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During a 6-year study, effects of two contrasting regimes of pesticide use on pitfall and suction catches of Collembola were monitored in an arable field under a rotation of grass and winter wheat. Current farm practice (CFP) represented conventional fungicide and herbicide use plus applications of organophosphorus (OP) insecticides, whereas reduced input approach (RIA) utilised minimum inputs of fungicides and herbicides and excluded any use of insecticides. Compared with RIA, the CFP regime caused a substantial decline in the abundance and diversity of Collembola in the field, including the local disappearance of one species, without recovery during the study. At the field edge, which was protected during OP applications by a 6-m unsprayed buffer zone, effects of the CFP regime were less severe, and were not persistent in the long term. Some Collembola species occurred only in field-edge samples. Pitfall and suction sampling yielded remarkably similar patterns of catches, indicating that pitfall trapping may be appropriate for detecting long-term changes in collembolan abundance caused by intensive agricultural management practices.
Authors:
Geoff K Frampton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pest management science     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1526-498X     ISO Abbreviation:  Pest Manag. Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-28     Completed Date:  2003-03-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100898744     Medline TA:  Pest Manag Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  991-1001     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Biodiversity and Ecology Division, School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Bassett Crescent East, Southampton SO16 7PX, UK. gkf@soton.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / statistics & numerical data
Animals
Arthropods / classification,  drug effects*,  growth & development
Data Collection
Insecticides / administration & dosage,  toxicity*
Organophosphorus Compounds*
Pesticides / toxicity*
Plant Diseases / parasitology,  statistics & numerical data*
Research Design
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Organophosphorus Compounds; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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