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Long-term functional outcome following intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22483542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The management of femoral shaft fractures using intramedullary nailing is a popular method. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term functional outcome after antegrade or retrograde intramedullary nailing of traumatic femoral shaft fractures. We further determined predictors of these functional outcome scores. METHODS: In a retrospective study, patients with a femoral shaft fracture but no other injuries to the lower limbs or pelvis were included. A total of 59 patients met the inclusion criteria. Functional outcome scores (Short Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment (SMFA), Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) index, Harris Hip Score (HHS) and the Lysholm knee function scoring scale) were measured at a mean of 7.8years (±3.5years) postoperatively. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to determine pain complaints of the lower limb. RESULTS: The range of motion (ROM) of the hip and knee joints was comparable between the injured and uninjured leg, regardless of the nailing technique. Correlation between ROM and the final outcome scores was found to be fair to moderate. Even years after surgery, 17% of the patients still reported moderate to severe pain. A substantial correlation was observed between VAS and the patient-reported outcome scores. The most significant predictor of functional outcome was pain in the lower limb. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the ROM of hip and knee returns to normal over time, regardless of the nailing method used. However, pain in the lower limb is an important predictor and source of disability after femoral shaft fractures, even though most patients achieved good functional outcome scores.
Authors:
Mostafa El Moumni; Emma Heather Voogd; Henk Jan Ten Duis; Klaus Wilhelm Wendt
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0267     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0226040     Medline TA:  Injury     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Traumatology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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