Document Detail

Long term follow-up of transcatheter coil embolotherapy for major colonic haemorrhage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19508518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIM: Therapeutic angiography with embolization is fast becoming the preferred treatment modality for major bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal (LGI) tract. The aim of this study was to determine the long term outcome and complications of percutaneous coil embolization (PCE) and its efficacy as definitive therapy in patients with major LGI bleeding.
METHODS: All patients presenting to our institution with a haemodynamically significant LGI tract bleed between 1995 and 2001 that were unresponsive to conservative measures were considered for emergency angiography and coil embolization where appropriate. The outcome of these individuals was determined by case note review and telephone interview.
RESULTS: There were 20 patients (11 females) with a mean follow-up period 72 months, mean age was 67 years. All underwent PCE following positive angiogram. The most common site of bleeding was the right colon (40%); haemostasis was successfully achieved in 16 (80%) patients. Five of the 20 patients died within 30 days of the intervention, three following PCE and two following surgery. None of the mortality following PCE was considered procedure related. On long term follow-up four patients required readmission to hospital for further LGI bleeds at 1, 2, 12 and 16 months respectively. Ischaemic complications occurred in 23%.
CONCLUSION: Superselective embolization as the primary technique for the treatment of haemodynamically significant LGI bleeding is an effective, feasible and safe technique. Long term follow-up in our series up to 72 months has shown that it should be considered as both a primary and potentially definitive treatment for life threatening LGI bleeds.
T M Ahmed; J B Cowley; G Robinson; J E Hartley; A A Nicholson; M Lim; D F Ettles; J R T Monson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1463-1318     ISO Abbreviation:  Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883611     Medline TA:  Colorectal Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1013-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2010 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
Academic Surgical Unit, University of Hull, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, UK.
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