Document Detail

Long-term follow-up of acute type B aortic dissection: Ulcer-like projections in thrombosed false lumen play a role in late aortic events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21439577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Stanford type B dissection treated medically during the acute phase have a risk of surgery and aortic rupture during the chronic phase. We investigated the predictors for late aortic events by focusing on the false lumen status with computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 160 patients were enrolled in the study, with a mean follow-up interval of 44.6 ± 25.4 months. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the false lumen status at the time of onset: group T, thrombosed in 49 patients (30.6%); group U, thrombosed with ulcer-like projections in 52 patients (32.5%); and group P, patent in 59 patients (36.9%). RESULTS: The mean aortic enlargement rate of groups U and P was greater than that of group T (0.40 ± 0.91 mm/month in group U, 0.44 ± 0.49 mm/month in group P, and -0.016 ± 0.23 mm/month in group T). The event-free rate in groups U and P was lower than in group T: 5-year event-free rates of 67.4% ± 8.2% in group U and 57.7% ± 10.9% in group P versus 95.0% ± 4.9% in group T (group T vs group U: P = .0011, group U vs group P: P = .96, group P vs group T: P = .0004). Cox regression analysis revealed that the false lumen status (patent or ulcer-like projections) (P = .029), maximum aortic diameter at onset (P < .0001), and patient age (P = .0069) were predictors of the late aortic events. CONCLUSIONS: In type B aortic dissection, a thrombosed false lumen with ulcer-like projections and a patent false lumen had an influence on late aortic dilation and late aortic events.
Shunsuke Miyahara; Nobuhiko Mukohara; Masaomi Fukuzumi; Naoto Morimoto; Hirohisa Murakami; Keitaro Nakagiri; Masato Yoshida
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hyogo Brain and Heart Center at Himeji, Hyogo, Japan.
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